Eltham Roll of Honour: Pte Jack Herbert Butherway, 8 Jul 1945, Borneo

BUTHERWAY, Jack Herbert, Pte, VX37645
(DOD 8 Jul 1945, Borneo)
Vic. Paybook photograph, taken on enlistment, of VX37645 Craftsman Jack Herbert Butherway (AWM)

Jack Herbert Butherway was born 20 November 1918 at Clifton Hill, the son of Thomas James and Florence Mary Butherway of Clifton Hill, younger brother to Harry (UK 1911) and Tom (1914). His father was a coach/car painter by trade however work must have been hard to find as the family moved shortly after Jack’s birth to Kinglake West where his father sought work as a labourer, then on to Whittlesea as a sawmill hand. By 1924 Thomas was painting coaches again, in Collingwood, and around 1930 the family moved and settled in Falkiner Street, Eltham where Thomas initially continued as a coach/car painter but by 1936 had set himself up as a printer.

Educated at Eltham High School, Jack played cricket with several local teams. In 1935, playing for Diamond Creek, Jack was the star performer. Only just left school, Jack took six wickets for nine runs. The Advertiser said, “This lad should develop into a fine cricketer.” Coincidentally, he was a cricketing and football mate of Theo Feldbauer, though on opposing teams, and suffered the same fate as Theo at Sandakan. He won the best bowling average in 1938 for Lower Plenty and was also caught and bowled by Theo Feldbauer for Research. His brother Tom Butherway was a star football player for Eltham.

Before enlisting, Jack worked at Jack O’ Lantern knitting mills in Richmond. His service file is currently not freely available from the National Archives, but we know he enlisted at Royal Park on 16 July 1940.  Jack was assigned to the Australian Corps of Electrical and Mechanical Engineers, A.I.F., 2/4 Field Workshop. At a function arranged by the Badminton Club held in the Church of England Hall on 23 January 1941, Jack was guest of honour and was presented with a money belt on behalf of the members. He was posted to 22 Independent Brigade Group Ordnance Workshop Australian Army Ordnance Corps, his rank Craftsman, when Singapore fell on 15 February 1942. Jack’s father, Thomas, died early June 1942 not knowing his son’s true fate. Jack was listed as missing in July 1942 and a Prisoner of War in April 1943.

The Australian War Memorial advises Jack was one of over 2,000 Allied Prisoners of War (POW) held in the Sandakan POW camp in north Borneo, having been transferred there from Singapore as a part of B Force. The 1,494 POW’s that made up B Force, were transported from Changi on 7 July 1942, on board the tramp ship Ubi Maru, arriving in Sandakan Harbour on 18 July 1942. Jack ultimately died, only 26 years old, a prisoner of the Japanese on 8 July 1945, at Ranau Number 1 Jungle Camp (near Sinarut). It was recorded that he was buried at Ranau Number 2 Jungle Camp (First Cemetery, near Japanese hut, used from 11 June to about 9 July 1945). Although Jack died young, his elder brother Harry kept his memory alive till 101 and is buried in Eltham Cemetery.

Even before the end of the Second World War, the citizens of Eltham began to consider an appropriate form of memorial for those from the area who fought and died in the Second World War. In 1943 the Eltham Women’s Auxiliary raised funds for the construction of buildings to be established on land to be purchased for the proposed War Memorial. On March 27th, 1945, the Eltham District Progress Association called a meeting of local people who in turn set up and registered the Eltham War Memorial Trust Inc. As a focus for the purpose of the memorial, the newspaper notice read: –

“Those who have had a member of their family in the fighting services will want to see that the form of a memorial we are concerned with is the one which will be a constant reminder to us of those who fought for us and the little ones for whom they fought and died.”

Jack’s name is one of eleven listed on the Eltham Honour Roll (Second World War) located in the Eltham War Memorial Hall. Whist listed in order of rank; Jack was the last of the eleven from the Shire of Eltham who made that ultimate sacrifice for us, during the Second World War.

The following notices were published in the newspaper in memory of Jack.

The Age, Friday, 2 November 1945, p8

  • BUTHERWAY. – To honour the memory of our pal, Jack, VX37645, 2/10th Ordnance Workshop, died P.O.W. in Borneo on July 8. – Inserted by the Eltham Cricket Club.

The Age, Saturday, 3 November 1945, p11

  • BUTHERWAY. – VX37645, Jack, died P.O.W., in Borneo, July 8. A great pal, sadly missed. – Inserted by the Eltham Fire Brigade.
  • BUTHERWAY. – VX37645, Jack, 2/10th Ord. Workshops, died July 8, P.O.W., Borneo. Not just to-day but every day in silence we will remember you, Jack – From all who worked with him at Jack O’Lantern.
  • BUTHERWAY. – VX37645, Jack, 2/10 Ord. W’shop, died July 8, P.O.W., Borneo. – Inserted by his friend, Lillian.

The Argus, Saturday, 3 November 1945, p20

  • BUTHERWAY. – VX37645 Jack, 2/10th Ord. Workshops, died July 8, P.O.W., Borneo. – Not just today, but every day, in silence we will remember you Jack. (From all who worked with him at Jack O’Lantern.)

Jack is remembered on Panel 29 of the Labuan Memorial in the Labuan War Cemetery. The Labuan War cemetery is located on the small island of Labuan (part of Sabah, Malaysia) in Brunei Bay, off the north-west coat of Borneo.

BUTHERWAY, Craftsman JACK HERBERT, VX.37645. A.I.F.
2/4 Fd. Wksp. Australian Corps of Elec. and Mech. Engineers
8th July 1945. Age 26.
Son of Thomas James and Florence Mary Butherway, of Eltham, Victoria.

◊         ◊        ◊

LEST WE FORGET

“They shall grow not old, as we that are left grow old;
Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn.
At the going down of the sun and in the morning
We will remember them.”

ROLL OF HONOUR
1914-1918
  • Sgt. George Williams
  • Sgt. Reginald E. Sims
  • L/Cpl. George Moore
  • L/Cpl. Henry G. Philips
  • L/Cpl. John C. Bell
  • Pte. Geoffrey Grant
  • Pte. George Sommerville
  • Pte. George Brown
  • Pte. John Brown
  • Pte. William Bond
  • Pte. Thomas Cameron
  • Pte. Alfred Cassells
  • Pte. Robert Meadows
  • Pte. Walter Mosley
  • Pte. James Pryor
  • Pte. William Prior
  • Pte. Edward Barrett
  • Pte. William Crellin
  • Pte. Henry Norman
  • Pte. Edward Bird
  • Pte. Arthur Brown
  • Pte. Roslyn Stevens
  • Pte. Herbert Creed
  • Pte. Charles Bromfield
  • Pte. Kenneth Sharp
  • Pte. Henry McAlary
1939-1945
  • Capt. S.M. Gahan
  • Plt. Off. D. Rutter
  • Flt. Off. D.H. Rutter
  • Flt. Sgt. S.M. Mclean
  • Flt. Sgt. L. Ingram
  • Sgt. C.D. Dunlop
  • Cpl. T. Feldbauer
  • Cpl. A.C. Clerke
  • Spr. G.E. Castledine
  • Pte. J. Butherway
  • Pte. K.F. Field

Soldiers of the Shire of Eltham remembered on the Eltham Roll of Honour for their supreme sacrifice; located in the Eltham War Memorial Hall

References
#VictoriaRemembers   #VPDay75
The Eltham Roll of Honour: Second World War

Read the stories of all the men from the Shire of Eltham who sacrificed their lives in the Second World War and to whom the Eltham War Memorial is dedicated.

Eltham Roll of Honour: Second World War

VP DAY 2020 – 75th Anniversary

#OnThisDay ( #OTD ) – 75 years ago, 14 August 1945, Japan accepted the Allied demand for unconditional surrender. A cease fire was called for at 7.00 p.m. (9.00 p.m. AEST). VP (Victory in the Pacific) Day, also referred to as VJ (Victory over Japan) Day was gazetted, in 1945, a public holiday and is celebrated on August 15th. It meant for all Australians, the Second World War was finally over, joyful their sons and daughters could finally come home at last. But one local Eltham family was still grieving the recent loss of their son, Private Jack Herbert Butherway, VX37645, who had died as a Prisoner of War of the Japanese just 37 days earlier in Borneo on 8 July 1945.

On VP Day 2020, in a series of posts, we will remember the 75th Anniversary of Victory in the Pacific, Victory over Japan, the end of the Second World War and the eleven men from the Eltham district who laid down their lives for us and their country.

The eleven men of the Shire of Eltham who died serving their country in the Second World War and for whom the Eltham War Memorial was dedicated. Their names are listed on the Eltham Roll of Honour in order of rank. Here we show them (left to right, top to bottom) by date of fatality:
CASTLEDINE, George Ernest, Spr., VX10044 (KIA 18 Apr 1941, Greece)
GAHAN, Studley Manston, Capt., VX48379 (KIA 17 May 1941, Tobruk, Libya)
RUTTER, David, Flying Off., 833 (400833) (KIA 9 Dec 1941, Bir El Gubbi, Libya)
CLERKE, Alfred Charles, Cpl., VX23112 (KIA 2 Feb 1942, Laha, Ambon Island)
DUNLOP, Cuthbert Douglas, Sgt., VX15252 (KIA 22 Nov 1942, Gona, New Guinea)
INGRAM, Lester Neil, Flt. Sgt., 410236 (DOD 22 Apr 1943, Longworth, England)
McLEAN, Stanley, Flt. Sgt., 419844 (KIA 7 Oct 1944, Emmerich, Germany)
FELDBAUER, Theodore, Sgt., VX51733 (DOD 27 Mar 1945, Borneo)
RUTTER, Donald Hemphill, Flt. Lt., 410262 (KIA 5 Apr 1945, Varrelbusch, Germany)
FIELD, Kevin Francis, Pte., VX144763 (KIA 28 Jun 1945, Bougainville, PNG)
BUTHERWAY, Jack Herbert, Pte, VX37645 (DOD 8 Jul 1945, Borneo)

◊         ◊        ◊

LEST WE FORGET

“They shall grow not old, as we that are left grow old;
Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn.
At the going down of the sun and in the morning
We will remember them.”

ROLL OF HONOUR
1914-1918
  • Sgt. George Williams
  • Sgt. Reginald E. Sims
  • L/Cpl. George Moore
  • L/Cpl. Henry G. Philips
  • L/Cpl. John C. Bell
  • Pte. Geoffrey Grant
  • Pte. George Sommerville
  • Pte. George Brown
  • Pte. John Brown
  • Pte. William Bond
  • Pte. Thomas Cameron
  • Pte. Alfred Cassells
  • Pte. Robert Meadows
  • Pte. Walter Mosley
  • Pte. James Pryor
  • Pte. William Prior
  • Pte. Edward Barrett
  • Pte. William Crellin
  • Pte. Henry Norman
  • Pte. Edward Bird
  • Pte. Arthur Brown
  • Pte. Roslyn Stevens
  • Pte. Herbert Creed
  • Pte. Charles Bromfield
  • Pte. Kenneth Sharp
  • Pte. Henry McAlary
1939-1945
  • Capt. S.M. Gahan
  • Plt. Off. D. Rutter
  • Flt. Off. D.H. Rutter
  • Flt. Sgt. S.M. Mclean
  • Flt. Sgt. L. Ingram
  • Sgt. C.D. Dunlop
  • Cpl. T. Feldbauer
  • Cpl. A.C. Clerke
  • Spr. G.E. Castledine
  • Pte. J. Butherway
  • Pte. K.F. Field

Soldiers of the Shire of Eltham remembered on the Eltham Roll of Honour for their supreme sacrifice; located in the Eltham War Memorial Hall

#VictoriaRemembers   #VPDay75
The Eltham Roll of Honour: Second World War

Read the stories of all the men from the Shire of Eltham who sacrificed their lives in the Second World War and to whom the Eltham War Memorial is dedicated.

ThrowbackThursday: Hollywood comes to Eltham 1955

Hollywood star visits Eltham

#ThrowbackThursday – Grace Mitchell, a talented artist in later life and baker, managed a pastry shop business near the corner of Mount Pleasant and Main roads, Eltham in the 1950s.

Shortly after her marriage to Arthur Mitchell in 1948, Arthur incurred a head injury from an an accident and was unable to work.  Grace realised she needed to be home to care for her husband as well as earn an income.  She managed the bureaucracy of council permits, and made modifications to her home with savings to get the business off the ground without having to borrow money.

Grace and Arthur were avid gardeners and would grow, wash and mince vegetables for pasties while Grace hand made and rolled the pastry.  They cooked and minced their own meat for the pies and the fruit for the sweet pies came from their orchard at the rear of the property.  She also baked scones and cakes.

Katherine Hepburn
Unknown author Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer studio publicity photographer / Public domain

With weekend visitors travelling to Eltham on the train for days trips, her reputation grew as the spot for afternoon tea.  Grace’s daughter Jenni mentions the visit of dancer, Robert Helpmann and U.S. actress Katherine Hepburn in her Grace Mitchell: a short history [2012].

Reminiscences in We did open a school in Little Eltham: Eltham Primary School 209, 1856-2006 a history [2006] include a mention of Grace’s famous pastry shop and the Sunday afternoon visit by Helpmann and Hepburn.

In Anne Edwards 2019 biography of Katherine Hepburn: A Remarkable Woman, she is described as a “grande dame of American actresses, fierce individualist, and Hollywood legend.”  A bonafide star she was nominated for twelve Academy Awards and won four.  Robert Helpman became world famous as Britain’s most outstanding ballet dancer and subsequently turned his attentions to stage and screen. The two first met in London in 1952 when they appeared together in the play “The Millionairess” on the West End.  He subsequently invited her to be part of an Australian tour presenting three Shakespearean plays.  In May 1955 Helpmann and Hepburn arrived in Sydney, Helpmann was returning to his native land after being away for 25 years.  They were accorded a reception by the Mayor of Melbourne.  In NSW Hepburn visited St Matthews Church and Rectory at Windsor and donated £50 to the church restoration fund. She later wrote of her fascination with the blue lakes area near Adelaide and the “extraordinary” lyrebird.

Grace operated her pastry shop for over 16 years.  She supported the Shillinglaw Cottage Preservation Campaign to preserve the cottage through its Flavour of Eltham community cookbook published in 1964 and hosted cooking classes in the new Living and Learning Centre

Flavour of Eltham : recipes and other items collected by friends of the Shillinglaw Cottage, page 91 advertising Grace Mitchell’s Home Made Cakes & Pies (EDHS collection)
Grace Mitchell and Ursula Dors, Cooking Class, Eltham Living and Learning Centre (EDHS collection)

Katherine Hepburn passed way in 2003 aged 96 years. Her trademark was playing strong independent women with minds of their own.  Grace Mitchell passed away aged 95 years in 2011.

Touchstone – keeping in contact; No. 4, June 26

No.4 – 26th June 2020

  • Recently we promoted some work via our Website and Facebook page that the collections team had done digitising some old audio tapes in the collection. Now we need to listen to them and provide improved information and keywords. If anyone would like to help out with this project, please get in touch, and we can arrange for you to access a recording.
  • EDHS has been involved in the consultation for the Kangaroo Ground War Memorial Park Master Plan. Brand statement and site history documents have been updated.
  • Wikipedia is the largest and most popular general reference work on the internet. An article on Eltham District Historical Society was recently published.
  • A favourite resource for local and family historians and just the curious, Trove brings together a vast range of collections from almost 1,000 cultural, community and research organisations all over Australia. It includes specific content that cannot be easily found via a typical search engine. Trove has re-launched with a refreshed logo, colour, overall design and new features.
  • Eltham Library (and six other YPRL branches) is open from 30 June with restrictions in place.
  • Local historian and former EDHS member Bruce Draper passed away recently. His daughter has curated Up The Creek, a collection of his articles about the pioneers, people and local history of Arthurs Creek and surrounding districts.
  • Australia Post wants to mark this moment in our nation’ s history. They are inviting Australians to write a letter to share our experience of the COVID-19 pandemic with their Dear Australia Project. Record your impressions of this remarkable time. Please send EDHS a copy too!
  • A picture tells A thousand words is the inspiration for this new online exhibition from NSW State Archives and Sydney Living Museums.
  • The Royal Historical Society of Victoria has responded to recent events with official statements:
  • Our Little Eltham Street Library remains open and proving to be very popular, with a broad selection of titles on offer. So if you are out walking, please drop in at the Local History Centre at 728 Main Road, Eltham. . . . Take a book – leave a book – share a book !

Stay safe.
Jim Connor
President
on behalf of the committee of the Eltham District Historical Society

Stories from the Shire with Geoff Paine: Eltham District Historical Society

We have a new video to share thanks to the generousity of society member and local identity, Geoff Paine.

Stories from the Shire with Geoff Paine: Eltham District Historical Society

In this short video you will be given a brief look at the Eltham Justice precinct on Main Road and how it came about in Little Eltham as well as some background history leading to the establishment of the Shire of Eltham Historical Society (now Eltham District Historical Society) arising from the relocation of Shillinglaw Cottage.

Touchstone – keeping in contact

Greetings to all from Eltham District Historical Society; from our homes to your homes.

As an initiative to keep in touch with our members during the COVID-19 State of Emergency Stage 3 lock-down, our committee initiated a one-page information sheet to be sent approximately every two weeks to our members.

As part of documenting our own history and in the interests of sharing with all in the community, we are now going to make these Touchstone newsletters accessible via our web site, along with our regular Newsletter.

The following is a reproduction of Touchstone No. 1 and this issue and an archive of subsequent issues may be accessed from the Main Menu at the top of each page.

 

No.1 – 9th April 2020

We send our best wishes to all our members.

Until we are able to see you again for our Society Meetings and Heritage Excursions, we hope all our members are well and staying safe, during these times of enforced isolation.

EDHS will continue to connect with you, distribute our newsletters and email any other information of interest. There are also other ways you can still stay connected with our local history.

You can visit:

• Our Victorian Collection pages at:
https://victoriancollections.net.au/organisations/eltham-district-historical-society#collection-records

Here you can explore over 10,000 catalogued items, the majority of which are images, there due to the activities of our dedicated Collections Team who continue to work behind the scenes.

• You can visit our website at: http://www.elthamhistory.org.au

Here you can read various stories and also catch up on past newsletters.

• You can visit our Facebook pages at: https://www.facebook.com/elthamhistory/

Here you can explore a range of local history stories and information, including Throwback Thursday and On This Day features.

• You can visit the Wikinorthia website at: https://wikinorthia.net.au

Here you can see an extensive range of local history stories about the northern suburbs.

During this down time perhaps consider writing your memories and stories of living and working in Eltham and District for our archives. See the attached as a guide.

You could go through your photos and share your memories with family members. Consider donating archives, including photos relating to Eltham and District to EDHS. We can also arrange to digitise these.

So, while we cannot be with you in person, at this time, you are in our thoughts.

Please take care, we hope you are able to stay safe.

Regards
Jim Connor
President, on behalf of the committee of the Eltham District Historical Society

Heritage Walk: Eltham’s Hidden Creek – Saturday, 7 March 2020

Meet at 2.00 pm (Melway ref 21 H6) at the parking area below the Eltham Community and Reception Centre at the western end of Pitt Street.

The watercourse now known as Karingal Yalloc was once called the Eltham West Drain. It enters the Diamond Creek near Brougham Street, Eltham and drains an area extending to St Helena and part of Greensborough. The creek has been undergrounded through part of the Eltham industrial area.

N. J. Tillings Timber Factory, 15 June, 1975 (Photo: Dick Crichton; from the collection of Eltham District Historical Society)

In 2013 we explored this creek upstream from Meruka Drive. For our March excursion we will follow the creek as closely as possible from the Diamond Creek to where it crosses under the railway line near Sherbourne Road. This is mainly through the industrial area and we will discuss Eltham’s industrial history along the way. A particular feature is the former hat factory (Fort Knox Self Storage) at the end of the walk.

The distance is less than 2 km one way and should take about two hours, including plenty of time to stop and talk. There will be an informal return walk but those who wish to can catch a bus back.

The walk is open to Society members and the general public. Dogs are not permitted on Society excursions.

All are welcome…..but numbers are limited

February Meeting – Recent additions to our collection; Feb. 12th, 7:30pm

Eltham District Historical Society Meeting

Wednesday, 12th February at 7:30 p.m.

Eltham Senior Citizens’ Centre, Library Place, Eltham

Steam locomotive D3-639 passing through the level crossing at Wattletree Road, Eltham c.1970 (Photo: George Coop)

In previous years for our first meeting of the year, we have investigated some treasured pictures from our archives. This meeting we will showcase some of the highlights from new acquisitions and donations throughout 2019, as well as some of our other collections digitised during the year.

These are available due to the consistent efforts of our collections team, who over recent years has been active in scanning and cataloguing a range of images, including to our extensive catalogue on the Victorian Collections website.

Many of images to be shown at this meeting are still awaiting cataloguing online on Victorian Collections and so this will present
their first public viewing.

Our meeting will be held at our usual venue, the Eltham Senior Citizens’ Centre in Library Place Eltham. Members and guests are
welcome to attend. Please note our meetings now start at 7.30pm.

We look forward to seeing you then.

OTD: Farewell Eltham, Happy Birthday Nillumbik; 15 Dec 1994

#OnThisDay – 25 years ago #OTD Thursday, December 15, 1994 the Shire of Nillumbik was born and the Shire of Eltham was relegated to history after 123 years; the council sacked and three commissioners appointed as part of an overall municipal restructure by the State Government.

The new Shire of consisted of the Central and North Ridings of the former Shire of Eltham, as well as parts of the former Diamond Valley, Whittlesea and Healesville municipalities. The West Riding of Eltham was joined with the former City of Heidelberg to become the City of Banyule.

Shire of Montsalvat is born by Duska Sulichich, Diamond Valley News, October 26, 1994, p1

Originally the Local Government Board’s preferred name was the Shire of Montsalvat. Board member Paul Jerome said “Montsalvat” was a name very familiar to all Melburnians. “We used it for good reason” he said. “This is the arts and crafts colony, this is the conservation area, this is the Green Wedge.” It “will have stewardship of a very important conservation area all the way up to Kinglake National Park. We think that’s a very exciting proposal and certainly one with a lot of community support and interest in having a council with that focus on conservation values.” Ultimately however the name was found to be controversial throughout the community and the Board replaced it with Nillumbik, the locally preferred Aboriginal word for shallow soil (indeed it is).

Shire now Nillumbik by Natalie Town, Diamond Valley News, November 23, 1994, p3

The transition to the new shire was not an easy experience for some people in our community and especially for some staff of the former Shire of Eltham. An extensive staff restructure was undertaken, resulting in many local community aware and knowledgeable Eltham Shire staff being made redundant. Some actions initiated at that time by the government and commissioners have had longer term impacts. These included the sudden surprise demolition of the Eltham Shire Offices and approval, in controversial circumstances, of a combined petrol station and fast food development on the site; ultimately reversed but leaving the community with a visible reminder to this day of those events. Local elections were not held for three years until 1997 and even then controversy continued resulting in the sacking of that first Nillumbik Shire Council as well. But that is a story for another day.

New shire, city get underway, Diamond Valley News, December 21, 1994, p1

 

@nillumbikcouncil

Our Society encourages interest in and the sharing of stories about the local history of the Eltham district in Victoria, Australia